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Title: A Customized Efficient Deep Learning Model for the Diagnosis of Acute Leukemia Cells Based on Lymphocyte and Monocyte Images
Authors: Ansari, S
Navin, AH
Sangar, AB
Gharamaleki, JV
Danishvar, S
Keywords: blood cancer;leukemia;white blood cells;deep learning
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ansari, S. et al. (2023) 'A Customized Efficient Deep Learning Model for the Diagnosis of Acute Leukemia Cells Based on Lymphocyte and Monocyte Images', Electronics (Switzerland), 12 (2), 322, pp. 1 - 15. doi: 10.3390/electronics12020322.
Abstract: Copyright © 2023 by the authors. The production of blood cells is affected by leukemia, a type of bone marrow cancer or blood cancer. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is related to immature cells, particularly white cells, and is damaged in various ways in this disease. When a radiologist is involved in diagnosing acute leukemia cells, the diagnosis is time consuming and needs to provide better accuracy. For this purpose, many types of research have been conducted for the automatic diagnosis of acute leukemia. However, these studies have low detection speed and accuracy. Machine learning and artificial intelligence techniques are now playing an essential role in medical sciences, particularly in detecting and classifying leukemic cells. These methods assist doctors in detecting diseases earlier, reducing their workload and the possibility of errors. This research aims to design a deep learning model with a customized architecture for detecting acute leukemia using images of lymphocytes and monocytes. This study presents a novel dataset containing images of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). The new dataset has been created with the assistance of various experts to help the scientific community in its efforts to incorporate machine learning techniques into medical research. Increasing the scale of the dataset is achieved with a Generative Adversarial Network (GAN). The proposed CNN model based on the Tversky loss function includes six convolution layers, four dense layers, and a Softmax activation function for the classification of acute leukemia images. The proposed model achieved a 99% accuracy rate in diagnosing acute leukemia types, including ALL and AML. Compared to previous research, the proposed network provides a promising performance in terms of speed and accuracy; and based on the results, the proposed model can be used to assist doctors and specialists in practical applications.
Description: Data Availability Statement: The data related to this article are publicly available on the GitHub platform under the title Ansari acute leukemia images.
Other Identifiers: ORCID iDs: Amin Babazadeh Sangar; Sebelan Danishvar
Appears in Collections:Dept of Computer Science Research Papers

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