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Title: Luminosity determination using Z boson production at the CMS experiment
Authors: Hayrapetyan, A
Tumasyan, A
Adam, W
Andrejkovic, JW
Bergauer, T
Chatterjee, S
Damanakis, K
Dragicevic, M
Valle, AED
Hussain, PS
Jeitler, M
Krammer, N
Liko, D
Mikulec, I
Schieck, J
Schöfbeck, R
Schwarz, D
Sonawane, M
Templ, S
Waltenberger, W
Wulz, CE
Darwish, MR
Janssen, T
Mechelen, PV
Bols, ES
D’Hondt, J
Dansana, S
De Moor, A
Delcourt, M
Faham, HE
Lowette, S
Makarenko, I
Morton, A
Müller, D
Sahasransu, AR
Tavernier, S
Tytgat, M
Putte, SV
Vannerom, D
Clerbaux, B
De Lentdecker, G
Favart, L
Hohov, D
Jaramillo, J
Khalilzadeh, A
Lee, K
Mahdavikhorrami, M
Malara, A
Paredes, S
Pétré, L
Postiau, N
Thomas, L
Bemden, MV
Velde, CV
Vanlaer, P
De Coen, M
Dobur, D
Knolle, J
Lambrecht, L
Mestdach, G
Rendón, C
Samalan, A
Skovpen, K
Bossche, NVD
Wezenbeek, L
Benecke, A
Bruno, G
Caputo, C
Delaere, C
Donertas, IS
Giammanco, A
Jaffel, K
Jain, S
Lemaitre, V
Lidrych, J
Mastrapasqua, P
Mondal, K
Tran, TT
Wertz, S
Alves, GA
Coelho, E
Hensel, C
De Oliveira, TM
Moraes, A
Teles, PR
Soeiro, M
Júnior, WLA
Pereira, MAG
Filho, MBF
Malbouisson, HB
Carvalho, W
Chinellato, J
Da Costa, EM
Da Silveira, GG
De Jesus Damiao, D
De Souza, SF
Martins, J
Herrera, CM
Amarilo, KM
Mundim, L
Issue Date: 10-Jan-2024
Publisher: Springer
Citation: CMS Collaboration. (2024). ‘Luminosity determination using Z boson production at the CMS experiment’ in The European Physical Journal C. Vol. 84 (26)., pp. 1 – 28. DOI:
Abstract: The measurement of Z boson production is presented as a method to determine the integrated luminosity of CMS data sets. The analysis uses proton–proton collision data, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2017 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV . Events with Z bosons decaying into a pair of muons are selected. The total number of Z bosons produced in a fiducial volume is determined, together with the identification efficiencies and correlations from the same data set, in small intervals of 20 pb-1 of integrated luminosity, thus facilitating the efficiency and rate measurement as a function of time and instantaneous luminosity. Using the ratio of the efficiency-corrected numbers of Z bosons, the precisely measured integrated luminosity of one data set is used to determine the luminosity of another. For the first time, a full quantitative uncertainty analysis of the use of Z bosons for the integrated luminosity measurement is performed. The uncertainty in the extrapolation between two data sets, recorded in 2017 at low and high instantaneous luminosity, is less than 0.5%. We show that the Z boson rate measurement constitutes a precise method, complementary to traditional methods, with the potential to improve the measurement of the integrated luminosity.
Description: Data Availability Statement - This manuscript has no associated data or the data will not be deposited. [Authors’ comment: Release and preser vation of data used by the CMS Collaboration as the basis for publi cations is guidedbytheCMSpolicyasstatedin ch/cgibin/PublicDocDB/RetrieveFile?docid=6032&filename=CMSD ataPolicyV1.2.pdf&version=2. CMS data preservation,re-use and open access policy.]
ISSN: 1434-6044
Other Identifiers: ORCiD ID: Joanne Cole
ORCiD ID: Paul Kyberd
ORCiD ID: Akram Khan
ORCiD ID: Ivan Reid
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Research Papers

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