Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Non-monotonic changes in Asian Water Towers’ streamflow at increasing warming levels
Authors: Cui, T
Li, Y
Yang, L
Nan, Y
Li, K
Tudaji, M
Hu, H
Long, D
Shahid, M
Mubeen, A
He, Z
Yong, B
Lu, H
Li, C
Ni, G
Hu, C
Tian, F
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2023
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Cui, T., Li, Y., Yang, L. et al. (2023). 'Non-monotonic changes in Asian Water Towers’ streamflow at increasing warming levels' in Nature Communications. Vol. 14 (1)., pp.1 - 9. DOI:
Abstract: Previous projections show consistent increases in river flows of Asian Water Towers under future climate change. Here we find non-monotonic changes in river flows for seven major rivers originating from the Tibetan Plateau at the warming levels of 1.5 °C, 2.0 °C, and 3.0 °C based on an observation-constrained hydrological model. The annual mean streamflow for seven rivers at 1.5 °C warming level decreases by 0.1–3.2% relative to the present-day climate condition, and increases by 1.5–12% at 3.0 °C warming level. The shifting river flows for the Yellow, Yangtze, Brahmaputra, and Ganges are mostly influenced by projected increases in rainfall, but those for the Mekong, Salween, and Indus are dictated by the relative changes in rainfall, snowmelt and glacier melt. Reduced river flows in a moderately warmed climate threaten water security in riparian countries, while elevated flood risks are expected with further temperature increases over the Tibetan Plateau.
Description: Data Availability Statement - The MERIT DEM is available at The NDVI is available at LAI dataset is available at Department of Hydrology and Meteorology in Nepal for the Ganges is available at, and the Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority for the Indus are available at Soil hydraulic parameters are available at The Watch Forcing dataset (WFD) is obtained from The CMIP6 model outputs are available at The RGI data is available at ice thickness datasets are available at The glacier mass balance data are available at and H08 data is available at The World Gridded Population is available at The results of this study are available as a supplement to this manuscript (Supplementary Dataset 1).
Other Identifiers: Article No.: 1176
ORCiD ID: Muhammad Shahid
ORCiD ID: Fuqiang Tian
Appears in Collections:Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
FullText.pdf© The Author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons