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Title: JPEG steganography: A performance evaluation of quantization tables
Authors: Al-Mohammad, A
Ghinea, G
Hierons, RM
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE International Conference on advanced information networking and applications AINA '09, Bradford, pp. 471-478, May 2009
Abstract: The two most important aspects of any image based steganographic system are the imperceptibility and the capacity of the stego image. This paper evaluates the performance and efficiency of using optimized quantization tables instead of default JPEG tables within JPEG steganography. We found that using optimized tables significantly improves the quality of stego-images. Moreover, we used this optimization strategy to generate a 16x16 quantization table to be used instead of that suggested. The quality of stego-images was greatly improved when these optimized tables were used. This led us to suggest a new hybrid steganographic method in order to increase the embedding capacity. This new method is based on both and Jpeg-Jsteg methods. In this method, for each 16x16 quantized DCT block, the least two significant bits (2-LSBs) of each middle frequency coefficient are modified to embed two secret bits. Additionally, the Jpeg-Jsteg embedding technique is used for the low frequency DCT coefficients without modifying the DC coefficient. Our experimental results show that the proposed approach can provide a higher information-hiding capacity than the other methods tested. Furthermore, the quality of the produced stego-images is better than that of other methods which use the default tables.
Appears in Collections:Computer Science
Dept of Computer Science Research Papers

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