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Title: Visualization of the homogeneous charge compression ignition/controlled autoignition combustion process using two-dimensional planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging of formaldehyde
Authors: Peng, Z
Zhao, H
Ladommatos, N
Keywords: HCCI;Formaldehyde
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing
Citation: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering. 217(12): 1125-1134
Abstract: The paper reports an investigation into the HCCI/CAI combustion process using the two-dimensional PLIF technique. The PLIF of formaldehyde formed during the low-temperature reactions of HCCI/CAI combustion was exciting by a tunable dye laser at 355nm wavelength and detected by a gated ICCD camera. Times and locations of the two-stage autoignition of HCCI/CAI combustion were observed in a single cylinder optical engine for several fuel blends mixed with n-heptane and iso-octane. The results show, when pure n-heptane was used, the initial formation of formaldehyde and its subsequent burning were closely related to the start of the low temperature heat release stage and the start of the main heat release stage of HCCI combustion respectively. Meanwhile, it was found that the formation of formaldehyde was more affected by the charge temperature than by the fuel concentration. But its subsequent burning or the start of main heat release combustion toke place at those areas where both the fuel concentration and the charge temperature were sufficient high. As a result, it was found that the presence of stratified residual gases affected both the spatial location and the temporal site of autoignition in a HCCI/CAI combustion engine. All studied fuels were found having similar formaldehyde formation timings with n-heptane. This means that the presence of iso-octane did not affect the start of low temperature reactions apparently. However, the heat release during low temperature reaction was significantly reduced with the presence of iso-octane in the studied fuels. In addition, the presence of iso-octane retarded the start of the main combustion stage.
ISSN: 0954-4070
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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