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|Title:||EU banks rating assignments: Is there heterogeneity between new and old member countries?|
|Keywords:||EU countries;Banks;Ratings;Ordered choice models;Index of indicator variables|
|Citation:||Economics and Finance Working Paper, Brunel University, 09-39|
|Abstract:||We model EU countries’ bank ratings using financial variables and allowing for intercept and slope heterogeneity. We find that country-specific factors (in the form of heterogeneous intercepts) are a crucial determinant of ratings. Whilst “new” EU countries typically have lower ratings than “old” EU countries, after ontrolling for financial variables, all countries are found to have significantly different intercepts, which confirms our hypothesis. This intercept heterogeneity may reflect differences in country risk and the legal and regulatory framework that banks face (such as foreclosure laws). In addition, ratings may respond differently to the liquidity and operating expenses to operating income variables across countries: typically ratings are more responsive to the former and less sensitive to the latter for “new” EU countries compared with “old” EU countries.|
|Appears in Collections:||Economics and Finance|
Dept of Economics and Finance Research Papers
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