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Title: A versatile data acquisition system for capturing electromagnetic emissions in VHF band
Authors: Koulouras, Gregory Evangelos
Advisors: Stonham, J
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: This research investigates the occurrence of EM emissions from compressed rock and assesses their value as precursors to earthquakes. It is understood that electromagnetic emissions are accompanied by crack generation in the Earth's crust, and effort has been targeted on the analysis of electromagnetic signals preceding seismic events. There is a need for a robust Data Acquisition System for the reliable collection of such signals. The design and deployment of a novel system form part of this research. The EM data collected by the Data Acquisition System is subsequently analysed and correlations are made with natural phenomena. The design of the Data Acquisition System is presented and meets a specification which includes accuracy, robustness, power consumption, remote configurability achieved by the development of a novel architecture for flash memories which significantly increases the live span of these devices. The measuring of electromagnetic emissions should be performed by reliable systems, using devices that fully correspond to the specifications set by the needs of this research. This type of systems is not fully covered by existing commercial devices. These prototype VHF field stations (ground base - electromagnetic variation monitors in VHF band) are located around the Hellenic Are. This region is one of the most seismically active regions in western Eurasia due to subduction of the oceanic African lithosphere beneath the Eurasian plate. After approximately two years of electromagnetic VHF data collection, the final stage of this project took place. In this stage, possible correlation between naturally occurring electromagnetic emissions in VHF band and seismic events within a predefined radius around the observation location is investigated. Supplementary, effects of alternative electromagnetic sources, such as solar activity, is considered. Whilst EM emissions from compressed rocks can be demonstrated in the laboratory, it was found from a two-year evaluation that no reliable correlation with earthquake events could be established. However, significant patterns of activity were detected in EM spectrum and it was shown that these correlate strongly with other naturally occurring phenomena such as solar flares. The Data Acquisition System as developed in this thesis has related applications in long term and remote sensing operations including meteorology, environmental analysis and surveillance.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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