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Title: Trends in the availability and usage of electrophysical agents in physiotherapy practices from 1990 to 2010: A review
Authors: Shah, SGS
Farrow, A
Keywords: Electrotherapy;Physical therapy;Physiotherapy;Survey;Therapeutic diathermy;Therapeutic ultrasound;Thermal modality
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Citation: Physical Therapy Reviews, 17(4): 207 - 226, Mar 2012
Abstract: Background: The use of electrophysical agents has a historically important role in physiotherapy practice. There are anecdotal reports that the availability and usage of electrotherapy modalities are declining, which may have implications for physiotherapy practice. The aim of this literature review was to provide scientific evidence on electrotherapy usage in the last 20 years by identifying trends in availability, use, and non-use of nine electrotherapeutic modalities in physiotherapy practices during 1990s and 2000s. Methods: Review of empirical studies published in the English language from 1990 to 2010 and identified through searching online bibliographic databases, which included: Medline/OvidSP, PubMed Central, CINAHL/EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Findings: In the last 20 years, ultrasound availability and usage show increasing trends in several countries. The availability and use of pulsed shortwave diathermy and laser have shown steady trends. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, interferential, and biofeedback availability and usage have shown increasing trends in the UK and decreasing trends in Australia and the Republic of Ireland. Trends of continuous shortwave diathermy availability and use are declining irrespective of the country of the study. The availability and usage of microwave diathermy and H-wave show steeply declining trends, while there is a sharp rise in their non-availability over the last several years. Conclusions: The availability and use of electrophysical agents have greatly changed in the last 20 years. Declining trends in the availability and usage along with increasing trend of non-availability of electrotherapy modalities may have implications for electrotherapy education, training, and practice in the coming years.
Description: This is the Pre-print version of the Article. The official published version can be accessed from the link below - Copyright @ 2012 Maney Publishing
ISSN: 1083-3196
Appears in Collections:Community Health and Public Health
Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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