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Title: Spectral and wave function statistics in Quantum digraphs
Authors: Megaides, Rodrigo
Advisors: Igor, S
Keywords: Quantum graphs;Quantum chaos;Mathematical physics;Non-linear dynamics;Complex systems
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Brunel University, School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics
Abstract: Spectral and wave function statistics of the quantum directed graph, QdG, are studied. The crucial feature of this model is that the direction of a bond (arc) corresponds to the direction of the waves propagating along it. We pay special attention to the full Neumann digraph, FNdG, which consists of pairs of antiparallel arcs between every node, and differs from the full Neumann graph, FNG, in that the two arcs have two incommensurate lengths. The spectral statistics of the FNG (with incommensurate bond lengths) is believed to be universal, i.e. to agree with that of the random matrix theory, RMT, in the limit of large graph size. However, the standard perturbative treatment of the field theoretical representation of the 2-point correlation function [1, 2] for a FNG, does not account for this behaviour. The nearest-neighbor spacing distribution of the closely related FNdG is studied numerically. An original, efficient algorithm for the generation of the spectrum of large graphs allows for the observation that the distribution approaches indeed universality at increasing graph size (although the convergence cannot be ascertained), in particular "level repulsion" is confirmed. The numerical technique employs a new secular equation which generalizes the analogous object known for undirected graphs [3, 4], and is based on an adaptation to digraphs of the idea of wave function continuity. In view of the contradiction between the field theory [2] and the strong indications of universality, a non-perturbative approach to analysing the universal limit is presented. The substitution of the FNG by the FNdG results in a field theory with fewer degrees of freedom. Despite this simplification, the attempt is inconclusive. Possible applications of this approach are suggested. Regarding the wave function statistics, a field theoretical representation for the spectral average of the wave intensity on an fixed arc is derived and studied in the universal limit. The procedure originates from the study of wave function statistics on disordered metallic grains [5] and is used in conjunction with the field theory approach pioneered in [2].
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mathematics Theses
Mathematical Sciences

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