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Title: Development of advanced 3D medical analysis tools for clinical training, diagnosis and treatment
Authors: Skounakis, Emmanouil D
Advisors: Banitsas, K
Keywords: Medical image processing;Medical platforms;Abnormalities detection;Kidney segmentation;Cancer, tumors detection
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: The objective of this PhD research was the development of novel 3D interactive medical platforms for medical image analysis, simulation and visualisation, with a focus on oncology images to support clinicians in managing the increasing amount of data provided by several medical image modalities. DoctorEye and Automatic Tumour Detector platforms were developed through constant interaction and feedback from expert clinicians, integrating a number of innovations in algorithms and methods, concerning image handling, segmentation, annotation, visualisation and plug-in technologies. DoctorEye is already being used in a related tumour modelling EC project (ContraCancrum) and offers several robust algorithms and tools for fast annotation, 3D visualisation and measurements to assist the clinician in better understanding the pathology of the brain area and define the treatment. It is free to use upon request and offers a user friendly environment for clinicians as it simplifies the implementation of complex algorithms and methods. It integrates a sophisticated, simple-to-use plug-in technology allowing researchers to add algorithms and methods (e.g. tumour growth and simulation algorithms for improving therapy planning) and interactively check the results. Apart from diagnostic and research purposes, it supports clinical training as it allows an expert clinician to evaluate a clinical delineation by different clinical users. The Automatic Tumour Detector focuses on abdominal images, which are more complex than those of the brain. It supports full automatic 3D detection of kidney pathology in real-time as well as 3D advanced visualisation and measurements. This is achieved through an innovative method implementing Templates. They contain rules and parameters for the Automatic Recognition Framework defined interactively by engineers based on clinicians’ 3D Golden Standard models. The Templates enable the automatic detection of kidneys and their possible abnormalities (tumours, stones and cysts). The system also supports the transmission of these Templates to another expert for a second opinion. Future versions of the proposed platforms could integrate even more sophisticated algorithms and tools and offer fully computer-aided identification of a variety of other organs and their dysfunctions.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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