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Title: Experimental investigation of the effects of simultaneous hydrogen and nitrogen addition on the emissions and combustion of a diesel engine
Authors: Megaritis, A
Keywords: Compression ignition engine;Diesel engine;Hydrogen;Dual-fuel engine;Emissions
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(6), 2692 - 2702, 2014
Abstract: Overcoming diesel engine emissions trade-off effects, especially NO and Bosch smoke number (BSN), requires investigation of novel systems which can potentially serve the automobile industry towards further emissions reduction. Enrichment of the intake charge with H + N containing gas mixture, obtained from diesel fuel reforming system, can lead to new generation low polluting diesel engines. This paper investigates the effect of simultaneous H + N intake charge enrichment on the emissions and combustion of a compression ignition engine. Bottled H + N was simultaneously admitted into the intake pipe of the engine in 4% steps starting from 4% (2% H + 2% N) up to 16% (v/v). The results showed that under specific operating conditions H + N enrichment can offer simultaneous NO, BSN and CO emissions reduction. Apart from regulated emissions, nitrogen exhaust components were measured. Marginal NO and zero NH emissions were obtained. NO/NO ratio increases when speed or load increases. Under low speed low load operation the oxidation of NO is enhanced by the addition of H + N mixture. Finally, admission of H + N has a detrimental effect on fuel consumption.
Description: This article is made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Copyright @ 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0360-3199
Appears in Collections:Publications
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Brunel OA Publishing Fund
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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