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Title: Development of a super ductile diecast Al-Mg-Si alloy
Authors: Watson, D
Fan, Z
White, M
Keywords: Aluminium alloys;Die casting;Super ductility;Solidification;Microstructure
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Materials Science and Engineering A, 556, 824 - 833, 2012
Abstract: The super ductile diecast aluminium alloys have been developed particularly for application in automotive body structure. On the basis of the reviewing aluminium alloys currently available, the requirement of diecast aluminium alloys is summarized and the Al-Mg-Si system is focused in the development. The effect of various alloying elements on the microstructure and the mechanical properties, such as yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation is assessed. The optimized composition of the super ductile Al-Mg-Si alloy has been found to be at 5.0-5.5wt% Mg, 1.5-2.0wt% Si, 0.5-0.7wt% Mn, 0.15-0.2wt% Ti with Fe <0.25wt% for the best combination of strength and ductility, which shows 150MPa of yield strength, 300MPa of ultimate tensile strength, and 15% of elongation under as-cast condition. The paint baking hardenability of the optimized alloy is found to be insignificant. Less than a 10% increase in the yield strength was achieved, with a slight decrease in the elongation after aging at 180°C for 30min, which is a simulated process of paint baking. Cu is found to slightly increase the yield strength under the as-cast condition and after the heat treatment, but with a significant reduction in the ductility. Therefore, Cu should be limited in the super ductile aluminium alloy. The microstructure of diecast aluminium alloys at the optimized composition consists of the primary α-Al phase, the α-AlFeMnSi intermetallics and the Al-Mg Si eutectics. There are two types of primary α-Al phase: dendritic or fragmented dendritic α-Al phase solidified in the shot sleeve and globular α-Al particles solidified in the die cavity. The α-AlFeMnSi intermetallics is in the form of compact morphology and with a size of less than 3μm. The eutectic cells are at size of 10μm with a typical lamellar morphology of α-Al phase and Mg Si phase.
Description: This is the post-print version of the final paper published in Materials Science and Engineering A. The published article is available from the link below. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. Copyright @ 2012 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0921-5093
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Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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