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Title: Gradient design of metal hollow sphere (MHS) foams with density gradients
Authors: Liu, Y
Wu, H-X
Wang, B
Keywords: Foams;Dynamic behavior;Numerical analysis
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Composites Part B: Engineering, 43(3), 1346 - 1352, 2012
Abstract: Metal hollow sphere (MHS) structures with a density gradient have attracted increasing attention in the effort to pursue improved energy absorption properties. In this paper, dynamic crushing of MHS structures of different gradients are discussed, with the gradients being received by stacks of hollow spheres of the same external diameter but different wall thicknesses in the crushing direction. Based on the dynamic performance of MHS structures with uniform density, a crude semi-empirical model is developed for the design of MHS structures in terms of gradient selections for energy absorption and protection against impact. Following this, dynamic responses of density graded MHS foams are comparatively analyzed using explicit finite element simulation and the proposed formula. Results show that the simple semi-empirical model can predict the response of density gradient MHS foams and is ready-to-use in the gradient design of MHS structures.
Description: This is the post-print version of the final paper published in Composites Part B: Engineering. The published article is available from the link below. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. Copyright @ 2011 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 1359-8368
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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