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Title: Stretching of a capillary bridge featuring a particle-laden interface: particle sedimentation in the interface
Authors: Botto, L
4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014)
Keywords: Suspensions;Colloids;Interfacial flows;Averaged multiphase-flow equations
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Citation: 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, University College London, UK, 7-10 September 2014, Editors CS König, TG Karayiannis and S. Balabani
Series/Report no.: ID 232
Abstract: Colloidal particles adsorbed at fluid interfaces can be subject to external forces, for instance of magnetic, electrical, or gravitational origin. To develop a tool that will enable to study the effect of these forces on interfacial particle transport, we derive a transport equation for the surface particle concentration using the method of volume averaging. This equation is specialised to the problem of particle sedimentation induced by external forces on an axisymmetric capillary bridge stretched with assigned constant velocity between two circular plates. The equation for the interfacial concentration is one-way coupled to the unsteady Stokes equation in the capillary bridge, and solved in the thin-thread approximation, in the limit of small capillary and Bond numbers and for moderate area fractions. We find that owing to the competition between particle settling in one direction, and fluid velocity in the opposite direction, a concentration peak develops between the neck region and the moving plate. Hydrodynamic interactions, modelled through a concentration-dependent hindrance function, have the effect of steepening the shock-like concentration gradients that develop in the interface.
Description: This paper was presented at the 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014), which was held at University College, London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute, ASME Press, LCN London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL University College London, UCL Engineering, the International NanoScience Community,
ISBN: 978-1-908549-16-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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