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Title: Development of Al–Nb–B master alloys using Nb and KBF4 Powders
Authors: Nowak, M
Yeoh, WK
Bolzoni, L
Nadendla, HB
Keywords: Aluminium alloys;Grain refinement;Heterogeneous nucleation;Solidification microstructure;Nb–B inoculation
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Materials and Design, 75: 40 - 40, (15 June 2015)
Abstract: We recently reported that the combined employment of niobium and boron (i.e. Nb-based intermetallics formed in the melt by the addition of powders), instead of niobium or boron individually, is a highly effective way to refine the grain size of Al–Si alloys without the inconvenience of the poisoning effect typical of commercial Al–Ti–B master alloys. In this work the progress concerning the development of Al–xNb–yB master alloys, which are much more suitable for its use in aluminium foundries, is reported and discussed. Precisely, a first approach to produce Al–xNb–yB master alloys as well as its characterisation by means of EDS mapping and TEM is presented. The study is completed by testing the effectiveness of the produced Al–xNb–yB master alloys on pure aluminium and binary Al–10Si alloy as well as commercial hypoeutectic and near-eutectic Al–Si alloys. It is found that the approach employed to produce the Al–xNb–yB master alloys is suitable because the size of the primary a-Al dendrites is significantly reduced in each of the case investigated.
Description: 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://
ISSN: 1873-4197
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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