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Title: Contextual interference effect on perceptual-cognitive skills training
Authors: Broadbent, DP
Causer, J
Ford, PR
Williams, AM
Keywords: Anticipatory Judgment;Practice structure;Perceptual learning;Video simulation;Transfer of learning
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American College of Sports Medicine
Citation: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47 (6), pp. 1243 - 1250, (2015)
Abstract: Introduction Contextual interference (CI) effect predicts that a random order of practice for multiple skills is superior for learning compared to a blocked order. We report a novel attempt to examine the CI effect during acquisition and transfer of anticipatory judgments from simulation training to an applied sport situation. Method Participants were required to anticipate tennis shots under either a random practice schedule or a blocked practice schedule. Response accuracy was recorded for both groups in pretest, during acquisition, and on a 7-d retention test. Transfer of learning was assessed through a field-based tennis protocol that attempted to assess performance in an applied sport setting. Results The random practice group had significantly higher response accuracy scores on the 7-d laboratory retention test compared to the blocked group. Moreover, during the transfer of anticipatory judgments to an applied sport situation, the decision times of the random practice group were significantly lower compared to the blocked group. Conclusion The CI effect extends to the training of anticipatory judgments through simulation techniques. Furthermore, we demonstrate for the first time that the CI effect increases transfer of learning from simulation training to an applied sport task, highlighting the importance of using appropriate practice schedules during simulation training.
ISSN: 0195-9131
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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