Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Dissolution influences on gypsum rock under short and long-term loading: Implications for dams
Authors: Salih, NB
Collins, PEF
Kershaw, S
Keywords: Gypsum Rock;Dissolution;Short-term loading;Long-term loading;Dams
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Citation: 12th International IAEG Congress, Torino, Italy, IAEG-AGMEP, 15-19 September 2014
Abstract: Dissolution of soluble substrates such as gypsum presents a major hazard to dams in many parts of the world. This research simulates hypothesised conditions beneath the Mosul Dam, northwest Iraq, where collapse of a karstic system associated with continuous fresh water supply from its reservoir is a recognised problem. Gypsum rocks from northern Iraq and similar rocks from Bantycock gypsum mine, UK, were analysed for short-term mechanical response following immersion (5 to 50 weeks) and long-term loading during immersion (maximum 50 weeks). New experimental devices were developed from a conventional oedometer. Cylinder samples provided a proxy for massive gypsum strata. Samples were permanently submerged at atmospheric water pressure, with groundwater recharge, flow and dissolution simulated by regular changes of water. Stress on each sample was progressively increased to a maximum of 2688 kPa. Small increases in strain were recorded by the end of each test but no failures occurred within 60 days. However, notable failure due to atmospheric water pressure and axial stress occurred over long time periods. Visible physical changes included a decrease in sample mass and volume. Similar change was recorded in ultrasonic velocities. These indicate that gypsum collapse risk beneath dams requires prolonged exposure to dissolution. The modified device performed well and was robust, and demonstrates that such a modification can provide a simple low cost system for conducting laboratory creep tests on weak rocks.
ISBN: 978-3-319-09059-7
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Fulltext.pdf370.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in BURA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.