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Title: A middle Ordovician (Darriwilian) Calathium reef complex on the carbonate ramp of the northwestern Tarim Block, northwest China: A sedimentological approach
Authors: Wang, J
Li, Y
Zhang, Y
Kershaw, S
Keywords: Morphological variation;Reef complex;Yijianfang formation;Bachu;Northwest China
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, pp. 1-8, (2016)
Abstract: Middle Ordovician carbonates are exposed for 25 km along the Lianglitag Mountains in the Tarim Basin, northwest China. They reflect platform carbonate and reef deposition along the ancient Central Tarim Uplift. The Darriwilian Yijianfang Formation, ~70 m thick, was deposited in a shallow carbonate ramp setting, deepening seaward to the north in current geography. Reefal and biostromal units are constructed primarily by sessile Calathium of possible sponge affinity in the Middle Member of the formation. Patch reefs, ~10 m in thickness and tens ofmeters in diameter, are common in the northern region. Associated shelly faunas, including trilobites, bivalves, and brachiopods, are diverse and preserved as coarse bioclastic materials together with intraclasts. Towards the south, patch reefs are smaller, b1 m in thickness and with low relief. A biostrome formed by in situ Calathium framework is interpreted to act as a baffle for fine sediments, with smaller amounts of bioclasts and intraclasts. The biostrome is only ~3mthick in the southernmost section suggesting a calmer leeward setting initially. Tempestite beds composed of Calathium and nautiloid floatstones are abundant through the section, with monospecific brachiopod layers in the tempestite beds. Thiswork demonstrates previously unrecognized paleogeographic variations of theDarriwilian Calathiumreef complexes,which have larger patch reefs generally developing in the north area, smaller patch reefs dominating southward, and biostromes occurring in the southernmost locations. The reef complex was drowned due to sea-level rise, which is recorded in the upper Yijianfang Formation.
ISSN: 0031-0182
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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