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Title: UPS system: how current and future technologies can improve energy efficiency in data centres
Authors: Milad, Muftah A
Advisors: Darwish, M
Keywords: Uninterruptible power supply (UPS);2N and N+ configuration;Double-conversion UPS;Flywheel UPS technology;Power usuage effectiveness
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: A data centre can consist of a large group of networked servers and associated power distribution, networking, and cooling equipment, all that application consumes enormous amounts of energy as a small city, which are driving to a significant increase in energy inefficiency problems in data centre, and high operational costs. Also the massive amounts of computation power contained in these systems results in many interesting distributed systems and resource management problems. In recent years, research and technologies in electrical engineering and computer science have made fast progress in various fields. One of the most important fields is the energy consumption in data centre. In recent years the energy consumption of electronic devices in data centre, as reported by. Choa, Limb and Kimb, nearly 30000000 kWh of power in a year, may consume by a large data centre and cost its operator around £3,000,000 for electricity alone. Some of the UK sites consume more than this. In the UK data centre the total power required are amid 2-3TWh per year. Energy is the largest single component of operating costs for data centres, varying from 25-60%. Agreeing to many types of research, one of the largest losses and causes of data centre energy inefficiency power distribution is from the uninterruptible power supply (UPS). So a detailed study characterized the efficiencies of various types of UPSs under a variety of operating conditions, proposed an efficiency label for UPSs, also investigate challenges related to data centre efficiency, and how all new technologies can be used to simplify deployment, improve resource efficiency, and saving cost. Data centre energy consumption is an important and increasing concern for data centre managers and operators. Inefficient UPS systems can contribute to this concern with 15 percent or more of utility input going to electrical waste within the UPS itself. For that reason, maximizing energy efficiencies, and reduce the power consumption in a data centre has become an important issue in saving costs and reducing carbon footprint, and it is necessary to reduce the operational costs. This study attempts to answer the question of how can future UPS topology and technology improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of data centre. In order to study the impact of different UPS technologies and their operating efficiencies. A model for a medium size data centre is developed, and load schedules and worked diagrams were created to examine in detail and test the components of each of the UPS system topologies. The electrical infrastructure topology to be adopted is configured to ‘2N’ and ‘N+1’ redundancy configuration for each UPS systems technologies, where ‘N’ stands for the number of UPS modules that are required to supply power to data centre. This work done at RED engineering designs company. They are professionals for designing and construction of a new Tier III and Tier IV data centres. The aim of this work is to provide data centre managers with a clearer understanding of key factors and considerations involved in selecting the right UPS to meet present and future requirements.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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