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|Title:||Mobile 3D visualisation technologies as a measurement aid for occupational therapy practice|
|Citation:||Health Informatics Journal,(2017)|
|Abstract:||Falls are a major health concern and pose a significant health challenge to an ageing world population. The number of falls and related injuries has risen in recent years, in part due to a growing population aged 80 and over (1). Falls often cause debilitating injuries, which precipitate early hospital and long-term care admission and result in an increased burden on health care services (2). The cost of falls to the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom (UK) is estimated at over £2.3 billion per year (3). Recent policy directives within the UK highlight the need for new and innovative technology-based applications utilising Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) within the falls prevention domain. These are seen as having the potential to reduce health care costs whilst also lessening the demands that an ageing population has on health care services (4, 5). Furthermore, there is recognition that ICTs have numerous additional benefits, such as the potential to deliver more effective, personalised, patient-centred interventions and improvements in levels of patient engagement and adherence; all of which are likely to enhance patient satisfaction and overall quality of life (4, 6). Although, in the context of occupational therapy, the assistive equipment provision process (AEPP) is routinely carried out to prevent falls, there are numerous other benefits that may be realised as a consequence of assistive equipment provision, including enabling ageing in place and independent living, improved facilitation of care, increased self-esteem, and overall improvement of quality of life (7). In the context of occupational therapy, falls prevention activities are carried out as part of the AEPP. This involves working closely with patients to assess intrinsic and extrinsic fall risk factors. Intrinsic fall risk factors focus on functional ability deficits presented by the patient and typically relate to balance and cognitive impairments. Extrinsic fall risk factors focus on risks that are apparent within the environment in which patients carry out occupations on a day-to-day basis, which include poor lighting, slippery surfaces, raised door thresholds, stairs and steps, clutter, and trip hazards (8). Extrinsic fall risk factors also include improper use of assistive equipment (AE), or the absence of assistive equipment such as stair handrails, toilet raisers, bath boards, and bathroom grab rails where these would be deemed necessary.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Computer Science Research Papers|
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