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Title: Performance on the Frontal Assessment Battery is sensitive to frontal lobe damage in stroke patients
Authors: Kopp, B
Roesser, N
Tabeling, S
Stuerenburg, HJ
de Haan, B
Karnath, H-O
Wessel, K
Keywords: Science & Technology;Life Sciences & Biomedicine;Clinical Neurology;Neurosciences & Neurology;CLINICAL NEUROLOGY;Frontal assessment battery (FAB);Abstraction;Fluency;Response inhibition;Anterior insula;FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA;COGNITIVE CONTROL;VERBAL-FLUENCY;UTILIZATION BEHAVIOR;PARKINSONS-DISEASE;FLUID INTELLIGENCE;EXECUTIVE FUNCTION;ANTERIOR INSULA;BRAIN-LESIONS;NEURAL BASIS
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: BMC NEUROLOGY, (2013)
Abstract: Background: The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) is a brief battery of six neuropsychological tasks designed to assess frontal lobe function at bedside [Neurology 55:1621-1626, 2000]. The six FAB tasks explore cognitive and behavioral domains that are thought to be under the control of the frontal lobes, most notably conceptualization and abstract reasoning, lexical verbal fluency and mental flexibility, motor programming and executive control of action, self-regulation and resistance to interference, inhibitory control, and environmental autonomy. Methods: We examined the sensitivity of performance on the FAB to frontal lobe damage in right-hemisphere-damaged first-ever stroke patients based on voxel-based lesion-behavior mapping. Results: Voxel-based lesion-behavior mapping of FAB performance revealed that the integrity of the right anterior insula (BA13) is crucial for the FAB global composite score, for the FAB conceptualization score, as well as for the FAB inhibitory control score. Furthermore, the FAB conceptualization and mental flexibility scores were sensitive to damage of the right middle frontal gyrus (MFG; BA9). Finally, the FAB inhibitory control score was sensitive to damage of the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG; BA44/45). Conclusions: These findings indicate that several FAB scores (including composite and item scores) provide valid measures of right hemispheric lateral frontal lobe dysfunction, specifically of focal lesions near the anterior insula, in the MFG and in the IFG.
ARTN 179
ARTN 179
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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