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Title: Chromosomal over-replication in Escherichia coli recG cells is triggered by replication fork fusion and amplified if replichore symmetry is disturbed
Authors: Midgley-Smith, SL
Dimude, JU
Taylor, T
Forrester, NM
Upton, AL
Lloyd, RG
Rudolph, CJ
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Nucleic Acids Research
Abstract: Chromosome duplication initiates via the assembly of replication forks at defined origins. Forks proceed in opposite directions until they fuse with a converging fork. Recent work highlights that fork fusions are highly choreographed both in pro- and eukaryotic cells. The circular Escherichia coli chromosome is replicated from a single origin (oriC), and a single fork fusion takes place in a specialised termination area opposite oriC that establishes a fork trap mediated by Tus protein bound at ter sequences that allows forks to enter but not leave. Here we further define the molecular details of fork fusions and the role of RecG helicase in replication termination. Our data support the idea that fork fusions have the potential to trigger local re-replication of the already replicated DNA. In ΔrecG cells this potential is realised in a substantial fraction of cells and is dramatically elevated when one fork is trapped for some time before the converging fork arrives. They also support the idea that the termination area evolved to contain such over-replication and we propose that the stable arrest of replication forks at ter/Tus complexes is an important feature that limits the likelihood of problems arising as replication terminates.
ISSN: 0305-1048
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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