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Title: A thermoregulation model for whole body cooling hypothermia
Authors: Silva, ABCG
Wrobel, LC
Ribeiro, FLB
Keywords: thermoregulation;hypothermia;brain cooling;intravascular catheter;finite element method
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Thermal Biology, 2018, 78 pp. 122 - 130 (9)
Abstract: This paper presents a thermoregulation model based on the finite element method to perform numerical analyses of brain cooling procedures as a contribu tion to the investigation on the use of therapeutic hypothermia after ischemia in adults. The use of computational methods can aid clinicians to observe body temperature using different cooling methods without the need of invasive techniques, and can thus be a valuable tool to assist clinical trials simulat ing different cooling options that can be used for treatment. In this work, we developed a finite element method (FEM) package using isoparametric linear three-dimensional elements which is applied to the solution of the continuum bioheat Pennes equation. Blood temperature changes were considered using a blood pool approach and a lumped analysis for intravascular catheter methods of blood cooling. Some analyses are performed using a three-dimensional mesh based on a complex geometry obtained from computed tomography medical images, considering a cooling blanket and an intravascular catheter. A com parison is made between the results obtained with the two techniques and the effects of each case in brain temperature reduction in a required period of time, maintainance of body temperature at moderate hypothermia levels and gradual rewarming.
ISSN: 0306-4565
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Embargoed Research Papers

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