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Title: Post-consumer plastic packaging waste in England: Assessing the yield of multiple collection-recycling schemes
Authors: Hahladakis, JN
Purnell, P
Iacovidou, E
Velis, CA
Atseyinku, M
Keywords: Circular economy;Household waste;Local authorities;Plastic packaging;Recycling;Waste collection schemes
Issue Date: 10-Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Waste Management, 2018, 75 pp. 149 - 159
Abstract: The European Commission (EC) recently introduced a ‘Circular Economy Package’, setting ambitious recycling targets and identifying waste plastics as a priority sector where major improvements are necessary. Here, the authors explain how different collection modalities affect the quantity and quality of recycling, using recent empirical data on household (HH) post-consumer plastic packaging waste (PCPP) collected for recycling in the devolved administration of England over the quarterly period July-September 2014. Three main collection schemes, as currently implemented in England, were taken into account: (i) kerbside collection (KS), (ii) household waste recycling centres (HWRCs) (also known as ‘civic amenity sites’), and (iii) bring sites/banks (BSs). The results indicated that: (a) the contribution of KS collection scheme in recovering packaging plastics is higher than HWRCs and BBs, with respective percentages by weight (wt%) 90%, 9% and 1%; (b) alternate weekly collection (AWC) of plastic recyclables in wheeled bins, when collected commingled, demonstrated higher yield in KS collection; (c) only a small percentage (16%) of the total amount of post-consumer plastics collected in the examined period (141 kt) was finally sent to reprocessors (22 kt); (c) nearly a third of Local Authorities (LAs) reported insufficient or poor data; and (d) the most abundant fractions of plastics that finally reached the reprocessors were mixed plastic bottles and mixed plastics.
ISSN: 0956-053X
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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