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Title: Modelling and Evaluation of the Thermohydraulic Performance of Finned-Tube Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Gas Coolers
Authors: Chai, L
Tsamos, KM
Tassou, SA
Keywords: Modelling;Thermohydraulic performance;Finned-tube gas cooler;Supercritical carbon dioxide
Issue Date: 25-Feb-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Chai, L.; Tsamos, K.M.; Tassou, S.A. Modelling and Evaluation of the Thermohydraulic Performance of Finned-Tube Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Gas Coolers. Energies 2020, 13, 1031.
Abstract: This paper investigates the thermohydraulic performance of finned-tube supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) gas coolers operating with refrigerant pressures near the critical point. A distributed modelling approach combined with the ε-NTU method has been developed for the simulation of the gas cooler. The heat transfer and pressure drop for each evenly divided segment are calculated using empirical correlations for Nusselt number and friction factor. The model was validated against test results and then used to investigate the influence of design and operating parameters on local and overall gas cooler performance. The results show that the refrigerant heat-transfer coefficient increases with decreasing temperature and reaches its maximum close to the pseudocritical temperature before beginning to decrease. The pressure drop increases along the flow direction with decreasing temperature. Overall performance results illustrate that higher refrigerant mass flow rate and decreasing finned-tube diameter lead to improved heat-transfer rates but also increased pressure drops. Design optimization of gas coolers should take into consideration their impact on overall refrigeration performance and life cycle cost. This is important in the drive to reduce the footprint of components, energy consumption, and environmental impacts of refrigeration and heat-pump systems. The present work provides practical guidance to the design of finned-tube gas coolers and can be used as the basis for the modelling of integrated sCO2 refrigeration and heat-pump systems.
ISSN: 1996-1073
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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