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Title: Towards the Irving-Kirkwood limit of the mechanical stress tensor
Authors: Smith, ER
Heyes, DM
Dini, D
Issue Date: 14-Jun-2017
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Citation: Smith, E.R., Heyes, D.M. and Dini, D. (2017) 'Towards the Irving-Kirkwood limit of the mechanical stress tensor', The Journal of Chemical Physics, 146 224109 (9 pp.). doi: 10.1063/1.4984834.
Abstract: The probability density functions (PDFs) of the local measure of pressure as a function of the sampling volume are computed for a model Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid using the Method of Planes (MOP) and Volume Averaging (VA) techniques. This builds on the study of Heyes, Dini, and Smith [J. Chem. Phys. 145, 104504 (2016)] which only considered the VA method for larger subvolumes. The focus here is typically on much smaller subvolumes than considered previously, which tend to the Irving-Kirkwood limit where the pressure tensor is defined at a point. The PDFs from the MOP and VA routes are compared for cubic subvolumes, V=ℓ3. Using very high grid-resolution and box-counting analysis, we also show that any measurement of pressure in a molecular system will fail to exactly capture the molecular configuration. This suggests that it is impossible to obtain the pressure in the Irving-Kirkwood limit using the commonly employed grid based averaging techniques. More importantly, below ℓ≈3 in LJ reduced units, the PDFs depart from Gaussian statistics, and for ℓ=1.0, a double peaked PDF is observed in the MOP but not VA pressure distributions. This departure from a Gaussian shape means that the average pressure is not the most representative or common value to arise. In addition to contributing to our understanding of local pressure formulas, this work shows a clear lower limit on the validity of simply taking the average value when coarse graining pressure from molecular (and colloidal) systems.
ISSN: 0021-9606
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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