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dc.contributor.authorSchmitt, DP-
dc.contributor.authorLong, AE-
dc.contributor.authorMcPhearson, A-
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, K-
dc.contributor.authorRemmert, B-
dc.contributor.authorShah, SH-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Psychology, 2017, 52 pp. 45 - 56en_US
dc.descriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Personality and gender differences in global perspective, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.en_US
dc.description.abstract© 2016 International Union of Psychological Science Men's and women's personalities appear to differ in several respects. Social role theories of development assume gender differences result primarily from perceived gender roles, gender socialization and sociostructural power differentials. As a consequence, social role theorists expect gender differences in personality to be smaller in cultures with more gender egalitarianism. Several large cross-cultural studies have generated sufficient data for evaluating these global personality predictions. Empirically, evidence suggests gender differences in most aspects of personality—Big Five traits, Dark Triad traits, self-esteem, subjective well-being, depression and values—are conspicuously larger in cultures with more egalitarian gender roles, gender socialization and sociopolitical gender equity. Similar patterns are evident when examining objectively measured attributes such as tested cognitive abilities and physical traits such as height and blood pressure. Social role theory appears inadequate for explaining some of the observed cultural variations in men's and women's personalities. Evolutionary theories regarding ecologically-evoked gender differences are described that may prove more useful in explaining global variation in human personality.en_US
dc.format.extent45 - 56-
dc.subjectGender Differencesen_US
dc.subjectCross-Cultural Psychologyen_US
dc.titlePersonality and gender differences in global perspectiveen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfInternational Journal of Psychology-
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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