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|Title:||The Influence of Shape Changing Behaviors from 4D Printing through Material Extrusion Print Patterns and Infill Densities|
|Keywords:||4D printing;Material extrusion;Shape changing behavior;Shape memory polymers;Print pattern;Infill density;Polylactic acid|
|Citation:||Nam, S.; Pei, E. The Influence of Shape Changing Behaviors from 4D Printing through Material Extrusion Print Patterns and Infill Densities. Materials 2020, 13, 3754.|
|Abstract:||Four-dimensional printing (4DP) is an approach of using Shape Memory Materials (SMMs) with additive manufacturing (AM) processes to produce printed parts that can deform over a determined amount of time. This research examines how Polylactic Acid (PLA), as a Shape Memory Polymer (SMP), can be programmed by manipulating the build parameters of material extrusion. In this research, a water bath experiment was used to show the results of the shape-recovery of bending and shape-recovery speed of the printed parts, according to the influence of the print pattern, infill density and recovery temperature (Tr). In terms of the influence of the print pattern, the ‘Quarter-cubic’ pattern with a 100% infill density showed the best recovery result; and the ‘Line’ pattern with a 20% infill density showed the worst recovery result. The ‘Cubic-subdivision’ pattern with a 20% infill density demonstrated the shortest recovery time; and the ‘Concentric’ pattern with a 100% infill density demonstrated the longest recovery time. The results also showed that a high temperature and high infill density provided better recovery, and a low temperature and low infill density resulted in poor recovery.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Design Research Papers|
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