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Title: Systemic but not local rehydration restores dehydration-induced changes in pulmonary function in healthy adults
Authors: Marshall, H
Gibson, OR
Romer, LM
Illidi, CR
Hull, JH
Kippelen, P
Keywords: airway;dehydration;exercise;fluid;nebulization
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2021
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Citation: Marshall, H. et al. (2021) 'Systemic but not local rehydration restores dehydration-induced changes in pulmonary function in healthy adults', Journal of Applied Physiology, 130 (3), pp. 517 - 527. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00311.2020.
Abstract: Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Water transport and local (airway) hydration are critical for the normal functioning of lungs and airways. Currently, there is uncertainty regarding the effects of systemic dehydration on pulmonary function. Our aims were 1) to clarify the impact of exercise- or fluid restriction-induced dehydration on pulmonary function in healthy adults; and 2) to establish whether systemic or local rehydration can reverse dehydration-induced alterations in pulmonary function. Ten healthy participants performed four experimental trials in a randomized order (2 h exercise in the heat twice and 28 h fluid restriction twice). Pulmonary function was assessed using spirometry and whole body plethysmography in the euhydrated, dehydrated, and rehydrated states. Oral fluid consumption was used for systemic rehydration and nebulized isotonic saline inhalation for local rehydration. Both exercise and fluid restriction induced mild dehydration (2.7 ± 0.7% and 2.5 ± 0.4% body mass loss, respectively; P < 0.001) and elevated plasma osmolality (P < 0.001). Dehydration across all four trials was accompanied by a reduction in forced vital capacity (152 ± 143 mL, P < 0.01) and concomitant increases in residual volume (216 ± 177 mL, P < 0.01) and functional residual capacity (130 ± 144 mL, P < 0.01), with no statistical differences between modes of dehydration. These changes were normalized by fluid consumption but not nebulization. Our results suggest that, in healthy adults: 1) mild systemic dehydration induced by exercise or fluid restriction leads to pulmonary function impairment, primarily localized to small airways; and 2) systemic, but not local, rehydration reverses these potentially deleterious alterations.
Description: Additional materials related to this manuscript may be found at These materials are not a part of the manuscript and have not undergone peer review by the American Physiological Society (APS).
ISSN: 8750-7587
Other Identifiers: ORCID iD: Oliver R. Gibson
ORCID iD: Lee M. Romer
ORCID iD: Pascale Kippelen
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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