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Title: OptPlatform: metaheuristic optimisation framework for solving complex real-world problems
Authors: Dzalbs, Ivars
Advisors: Kalganova, T
Meng, H
Keywords: Optimization;Metaheuristics;Supply chain optimisation;Automated tuning
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: We optimise daily, whether that is planning a round trip that visits the most attractions within a given holiday budget or just taking a train instead of driving a car in a rush hour. Many problems, just like these, are solved by individuals as part of our daily schedule, and they are effortless and straightforward. If we now scale that to many individuals with many different schedules, like a school timetable, we get to a point where it is just not feasible or practical to solve by hand. In such instances, optimisation methods are used to obtain an optimal solution. In this thesis, a practical approach to optimisation has been taken by developing an optimisation platform with all the necessary tools to be used by practitioners who are not necessarily familiar with the subject of optimisation. First, a high-performance metaheuristic optimisation framework (MOF) called OptPlatform is implemented, and the versatility and performance are evaluated across multiple benchmarks and real-world optimisation problems. Results show that, compared to competing MOFs, the OptPlatform outperforms in both the solution quality and computation time. Second, the most suitable hardware platform for OptPlatform is determined by an in-depth analysis of Ant Colony Optimisation scaling across CPU, GPU and enterprise Xeon Phi. Contrary to the common benchmark problems used in the literature, the supply chain problem solved could not scale on GPUs. Third, a variety of metaheuristics are implemented into OptPlatform. Including, a new metaheuristic based on Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA), called ICA with Independence and Constrained Assimilation (ICAwICA) is proposed. The ICAwICA was compared against two different types of benchmark problems, and results show the versatile application of the algorithm, matching and in some cases outperforming the custom-tuned approaches. Finally, essential MOF features like automatic algorithm selection and tuning, lacking on existing frameworks, are implemented in OptPlatform. Two novel approaches are proposed and compared to existing methods. Results indicate the superiority of the implemented tuning algorithms within constrained tuning budget environment.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Theses

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