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Title: An Overview on the Process Development and the Formation of Non-Dendritic Microstructure in Semi-Solid Processing of Metallic Materials
Authors: Ji, S
Wang, K
Dong, X
Keywords: near-net shape manufacturing;semi-solid metals;microstructural evolution;solidification
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Ji, S., Wang, K. and Dong X. (2022) 'An Overview on the Process Development and the Formation of Non-Dendritic Microstructure in Semi-Solid Processing of Metallic Materials', Crystals, 12 (8), 1044, pp. 1 - 34. doi: 10.3390/cryst12081044.
Abstract: Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Semi-solid metal (SSM) processing has been an attractive method for manufacturing near-net-shape components with high integrity due to its distinct advantages over conventional forming technologies. SSM processing employs a mixture of solid phase and liquid metal slurries and/or non-dendritic feedstocks as starting materials for shaping. Since the original development from 1970s, a number of SSM processes have been developed for shaping components using the unique rheological and/or thixotropic properties of metal alloys in the semi-solid state, in which the globular solid particles of primary phase are dispersed into a liquid matrix. In this paper, the progress of the development of shaping technologies and the formation of non-dendritic microstructure in association with the scientific understanding of microstructural evolution of non-dendritic phase are reviewed, in which the emphasis includes the new development in rheomoulding, rheo-mixing, rheo/thixo-extrusion and semi-solid twin roll casting, on the top of traditional rheocasting, thixoforming and thixomoulding. The advanced microstructural control technologies and processing methods for different alloys are also compared. The mechanisms to form non-dendritic microstructures are summarised from the traditional understanding of mechanical shear/bending and dendrite multiplication to the spheroidal growth of primary phase under intensively forced convection. In particular, the formation of spheroidal multiple phases in eutectic alloys is summarised and discussed. The concluding remarks focus on the current challenges and developing trends of semi-solid processing.
Description: Data Availability Statement: All data are referred to original publications.
Other Identifiers: 1044
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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