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Title: Materials analysis and image-based modelling of transmissibility and strain behaviour in approved face mask microstructures
Authors: Rasekh, M
Pisapia, F
Howkins, A
Rees, D
Keywords: biomedical engineering;materials science
Issue Date: 17-Oct-2022
Citation: Rasekh, M. et al. (2022) 'Materials analysis and image-based modelling of transmissibility and strain behaviour in approved face mask microstructures', , Scientific Reports, 12 (1), 17361, pp. 1 - 16. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-22102-6
Abstract: Copyright © The Author(s) 2022. Comparisons are made between six different approved face masks concerning their particle transmissibility allied to mechanical properties. The latter involves material testing and stretch or strain behaviour under load. SEM and X-ray elemental analyses showed contrasting structures between random and ordered fibre orientations. These constitute the mask designs where transmissibility is to be minimised. Airflow velocity measurement enabled filtration to be measured between the different mask designs, from two to six layers of different fabrics in combination. SEM provided the fibre diameter and pore size of each mask layer, up to a maximum of six. Stretching each complete mask showed its elasticity and recovery behaviour on an energy basis. The energy conversion involved in mask straining involves areas enclosed within steady and cyclic load-extension plots. Thus, the work done in extending a mask and the energy recovered from its release identified a hysteresis associated with an irrecoverable permanent stretch to the mask fabric. Failure of individual layers, which occurred successively in extended stretch tests, appeared as a drop in a load-extension response. That change is associated with permanent damage to each mask and friction contact within the rearrangement of loose fibre weaves. Masks with the greatest number of layers reduced particle transmissibility. However, woven or ordered mask fabrics in two layers with different orientations provided comparable performance. Simulation of each mechanical response, velocity streamlining and fibre distribution within the mask layers are also presented.
Description: Data availability: The datasets generated and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Other Identifiers: ORCID iDs: Ashley Howkins; David Rees
Appears in Collections:Brunel Design School Research Papers

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