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Title: Left lateralization in autobiographical memory: An fMRI study using the expert archival paradigm
Authors: Campitelli, G
Parker, A
Head, K
Gobet, F
Keywords: autobiographical memory;experimental paradigm;fMRI;expertise;lateralisation;chess
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: International Journal of Neuroscience
Citation: Campitelli, G., Parker, A., Head, K., & Gobet, F. Left Lateralization in autobiographical memory: An fMRI study using the expert archival paradigm. International Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 118, Issue 2 February 2008 , pages 191 - 209
Abstract: In brain-imaging and behavioural research, studies of autobiographical memory have higher ecological validity than controlled laboratory memory studies. However, they also have less controllability over the variables investigated. Here we present a novel technique—the expert archival paradigm—that increases controllability while maintaining ecological validity. Stimuli were created from games played by two international-level chess masters. We then asked these two players to perform a memory task with stimuli generated from their own games and stimuli generated from other players’ games while they were scanned using fMRI. We found a left lateralised pattern of brain activity which was very similar in both masters. The brain areas activated were the left temporo-parietal junction and left frontal areas. The expert archival paradigm has the advantage of not requiring an interview to assess the participants’ autobiographical memories, and affords the possibility of measuring their accuracy of remembering as well as their brain activity related to remote and recent memories. It can also be used in any field of expertise, including arts, sciences and sports, in which archival data are available.
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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