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Title: Expertise effects in memory recall: A reply to Vicente and Wang
Authors: Simon, HA
Gobet, F
Keywords: Expertise;Chess;Chunking;Random;Vicente;Wang;Skill;Memory recall;Constraint attunement hypothesis;Ecological psychology;Performance;Process;Theory development;Computer modelling;Truly random;CAH;CHNK;CHREST;Chunking theory;Template theory;Goal
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Psychological Review, 107: 593-600
Abstract: In the January 1998 Psychological Review, Vicente and Wang propose a "constraint attunement hypothesis" to explain the large effects of domain expertise upon memory recall observed in a number of task domains. They claim to find serious defects in alternative explanations of these effects which their theory overcomes. Re-examination of the evidence shows that their theory is not novel, but has been anticipated by those they criticize, and that other current published theories of the phenomena do not have the defects Vicente and Wang attribute to them. Vicente and Wang's views reflect underlying differences (a) about emphasis upon performance versus process in psychology, and (b) about how theories and empirical knowledge interact and progress with the development of a science.
Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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