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Title: New regression methods for measures of central tendency
Authors: Aristodemou, Katerina
Advisors: Yu, K
Keywords: Mode regression;Bayesian inference;Big data;Gamma distribution;Binary quantile regression
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Measures of central tendency have been widely used for summarising statistical data, with the mean being the most popular summary statistic. However, in reallife applications it is not always the most representative measure of central location, especially when dealing with data which is skewed or contains outliers. Alternative statistics with less bias are the median and the mode. Median and quantile regression has been used in different fields to examine the effect of factors at different points of the distribution. Mode estimation, on the other hand, has found many applications in cases where the analysis focuses on obtaining information about the most typical value or pattern. This thesis demonstrates that mode also plays an important role in the analysis of big data, which is becoming increasingly important in many sectors of the global economy. However, mode regression has not been widely applied, even though there is a clear conceptual benefit, due to the computational and theoretical limitations of the existing estimators. Similarly, despite the popularity of the binary quantile regression model, computational straight forward estimation techniques do not exist. Driven by the demand for simple, well-found and easy to implement inference tools, this thesis develops a series of new regression methods for mode and binary quantile regression. Chapter 2 deals with mode regression methods from the Bayesian perspective and presents one parametric and two non-parametric methods of inference. Chapter 3 demonstrates a mode-based, fast pattern-identification method for big data and proposes the first fully parametric mode regression method, which effectively uncovers the dependency of typical patterns on a number of covariates. The proposed approach is demonstrated through the analysis of a decade-long dataset on the Body Mass Index and associated factors, taken from the Health Survey for England. Finally, Chapter 4 presents an alternative binary quantile regression approach, based on the nonlinear least asymmetric weighted squares, which can be implemented using standard statistical packages and guarantees a unique solution.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mathematics Theses
Mathematical Sciences

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