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Title: Effect of nickel on the microstructure and mechanical property of die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy
Authors: Yang, H
Watson, D
Wang, Y
Ji, S
Keywords: Effect of nickel;Microstructure;Mechanical properties;Die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer US
Citation: Journal of Materials Science, 49 (24): 8412 - 8422, (December 2014)
Abstract: The effect of nickel on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy has been investigated. The results show that the presence of Ni in the alloy promotes the formation of Ni-rich intermetallics. These occur consistently during solidification in the die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy across different levels of Ni content. The Ni-rich intermetallics exhibit dendritic morphology during the primary solidification and lamellar morphology during the eutectic solidification stage. Ni was found to be always associated with iron forming AlFeMnSiNi intermetallics, and no Al3Ni intermetallic was observed when Ni concentrations were up to 2.06 wt% in the alloy. Although with different morphologies, the Ni-rich intermetallics were identified as the same AlFeMnSiNi phase bearing a typical composition of Al[100–140](Fe,Mn)[2–7]SiNi[4–9]. With increasing Ni content, the spacing of the α-Al–Mg2Si eutectic phase was enlarged in the Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy. The addition of Ni to the alloy resulted in a slight increase in the yield strength, but a significant decrease in the elongation. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) increased slightly from 300 to 320 MPa when a small amount (e.g. 0.16 wt%) of Ni was added to the alloy, but further increase of the Ni content resulted in a decrease of the UTS.
ISSN: 0022-2461
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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