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Title: ERP to chess stimuli reveal expert-novice differences in the amplitudes of N2 and P3 components
Authors: Wright, MJ
Gobet, F
Chassy, P
Ramchandani, PN
Keywords: Individual differences;Cognition;ERP/EEG;Expertise
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Psychophysiology, 50(10): 1023 - 1033, (October 2013)
Abstract: ERP experiments were conducted to analyze the underlying neural events when chess players make simple judgments of a board position. Fourteen expert players and 14 age-matched novices viewed, for each of four tasks, 128 unique positions on a mini (4 × 4) chess board each presented for 0.5 s. The tasks were to respond: (a) if white king was in check, (b) if black knight was present, (c) if white king was not in check, and (d) if no black knight was present. Experts showed an enhanced N2 with check targets and a larger P3 with knight targets, relative to novices. Expert-novice differences in posterior N2 began as early as 240 ms on check-related searches. Results were consistent with the view that prolonged N2 components reflect matching of current perceptual input to memory, and thus are sensitive to experts' superior pattern recognition and memory retrieval of chunks.
Description: This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published article is available from the link below. Copyright @ 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research.
ISSN: 0048-5772
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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