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Title: Effect of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia on quadriceps muscle fatigue in healthy humans
Authors: Romer, LM
Haverkamp, HC
Lovering, AT
Pegelow, DF
Dempsey, JA
Keywords: Magnetic stimulation;Low- and high-frequency fatigue;Quadriceps twitch force;Voluntary activation;Peripheral fatigue;Central fatigue
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Citation: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 290:2, pp. R365 - R375, 2006
Abstract: The effect of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) on quadriceps muscle fatigue was assessed in 11 male endurance-trained subjects [peak O2 uptake (V̇o2 peak) = 56.4 ± 2.8 ml·kg−1·min−1; mean ± SE]. Subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at ≥90% V̇o2 peak to exhaustion (13.2 ± 0.8 min), during which time arterial O2 saturation (SaO2) fell from 97.7 ± 0.1% at rest to 91.9 ± 0.9% (range 84–94%) at end exercise, primarily because of changes in blood pH (7.183 ± 0.017) and body temperature (38.9 ± 0.2°C). On a separate occasion, subjects repeated the exercise, for the same duration and at the same power output as before, but breathed gas mixtures [inspired O2 fraction (FiO2) = 0.25–0.31] that prevented EIAH (SaO2 = 97–99%). Quadriceps muscle fatigue was assessed via supramaximal paired magnetic stimuli of the femoral nerve (1–100 Hz). Immediately after exercise at FiO2 0.21, the mean force response across 1–100 Hz decreased 33 ± 5% compared with only 15 ± 5% when EIAH was prevented (P < 0.05). In a subgroup of four less fit subjects, who showed minimal EIAH at FiO2 0.21 (SaO2 = 95.3 ± 0.7%), the decrease in evoked force was exacerbated by 35% (P < 0.05) in response to further desaturation induced via FiO2 0.17 (SaO2 = 87.8 ± 0.5%) for the same duration and intensity of exercise. We conclude that the arterial O2 desaturation that occurs in fit subjects during high-intensity exercise in normoxia (−6 ± 1% ΔSaO2 from rest) contributes significantly toward quadriceps muscle fatigue via a peripheral mechanism.
ISSN: 0363-6119
Appears in Collections:Sport
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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