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Title: Clinical features of children and adults with a muscular dystrophy using powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs (EPIOCs): disease features, comorbidities and complications of disability.
Authors: Desouza, LH
Frank, AO
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Disability and Rehabilitation,(2016)
Abstract: Purpose: To describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair users with a muscular dystrophy, likely to influence optimal prescription; reflecting features of muscular dystrophies, conditions secondary to disability and comorbidities impacting on equipment provision. Methods: cross-sectional retrospective case note review of recipients of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs provided by a specialist regional wheelchair service. Data on demography, diagnostic/clinical and wheelchair prescription were systematically extracted. Results: Fifty-one men and 14 women, mean age 23.7 (range 10-67, sd 12.95) years, were studied. Forty had Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 22 had other forms of muscular dystrophy and three were unclassified. Twenty-seven were aged under 19. Notable clinical features included problematic pain (10), cardiomyopathy (5) and ventilatory failure (4). Features related to disability were (kypho)scoliosis (20) and oedema/cellulitis (3) whilst comorbidities included back pain (5). Comparison of younger with older users revealed younger users had more features of muscular dystrophy affecting electric powered chair provision (56%) whilst older users had more comorbidity (37%). Tilt-in-space was prescribed for 81% of users, specialised seating for 55% and complex controls for 16%. Conclusions: Muscular dystrophy users were prescribed electric powered indoor/outdoor chairs with many additional features reflecting the consequences of profound muscle weakness. In addition to facilitating independence and participation, electric powered indoor/outdoor chairs have major therapeutic benefits.
ISSN: 0963-8288
Appears in Collections:Dept of Clinical Sciences Embargoed Research Papers

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