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Title: Mechanisms of head stability during gait initiation in young and older women: a neuromechanical analysis.
Authors: Maslivec, A
Bampouras, TM
Dewhurst, S
Vannozzi, G
Macaluso, A
Laudani, L
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Journal of Electro - myography and Kinesiology
Abstract: Introduction Stabilisation of the head in space is fundamental to optimise inputs from the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems and, therefore, to maintain whole body balance during locomotion (Kavanagh et al, 2005; Pozzo et al, 1990). Decreased head stability has been reported in older individuals during different types of locomotion, including steady-state walking (Cromwell et al, 2001) and locomotor transitions such as gait initiation (Laudani et al, 2006). Transitory locomotor tasks, in particular, involve complex interactions between neural and mechanical factors which may challenge whole-body balance to a greater extent than unconstrained walking (Nagano et al, 2013). This challange may help to explain why the number of falls in older individuals are frequent during locomotor transitions such as gait initiation and termination (Winter, 1995).
ISSN: 1050-6411
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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