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Title: Hand hygiene, glove use and avoiding recontamination before aseptic procedures at birth: a multi-centre time-&-motion study conducted in Zanzibar
Authors: Gon, G
de Bruin, M
de Barra, M
Ali, S
Oona, C
Graham, W
Juma, M
Nash, S
Kilpatrick, C
Penn-Kekana, L
Virgo, S
Woodd, S
Keywords: Maternal health;newborn health;hand hygiene;behavioural medicine;labour ward;Tanzania
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: American Journal of Infection Control
Abstract: Objectives To assess the hand hygiene (HH) compliance before aseptic procedures among birth attendants in the10 highest-volume facilities in Zanzibar. We also examined the extent to which recontamination contributes to poor HH; recording exact recontamination occurrences is not possible using the existing World Health Organisation HH audit tool. Methods In this time-&-motion study, three trained coders used the WOMBATv2 software to record the hand actions of all birth attendants present in the study sites. The percentage compliance and 95% confidence intervals for individual HH behaviours and for behavioural sequences during labour and delivery were calculated.Results We observed 104 birth attendants and 781 HH opportunities before aseptic procedures. Compliance to hand rubbing/washing was 24.6% (CI:21.6-27.8). Only 9.6% (CI:7.6-11.9) also donned gloves and avoided glove recontamination. Half of the time when rubbing/washing or glove donning was performed, hands were recontaminated prior to the aseptic procedure. Conclusions In this study, HH compliance by birth attendants was poor before aseptic procedures. To our knowledge this is the first study in a LMIC to show the large contribution to poor HH compliance from hand and glove recontamination before the procedure. Recontamination is an important driver of infection risk from poor HH and should be understood for the purposes of improvement and therefore included in HH monitoring and interventions.
ISSN: 1527-3296
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Embargoed Research Papers

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