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|Title:||PARK2 Depletion Connects Energy and Oxidative Stress to PI3K/Akt Activation via PTEN S-Nitrosylation|
|Citation:||Molecular Cell, 2017, 65 (6), pp. 999 - 1013.e7|
|Abstract:||PARK2 is a gene implicated in disease states with opposing responses in cell fate determination, yet its contribution in pro-survival signaling is largely un-known. Here we show that PARK2is altered in over a third of all human cancers, and its depletion results in enhanced phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) activation and increased vulnerability to PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitors. PARK2 depletion contributes to AMPK-mediated activation of endothelial nitricoxide synthase (eNOS), enhanced levels of reactiveoxygen species, and a concomitant increase inoxidized nitric oxide levels, thereby promoting theinhibition of PTEN by S-nitrosylation and ubiquitination. Notably, AMPK activation alone is sufficient to induce PTEN S-nitrosylation in the absence of PARK2 depletion. Park2 loss and Pten loss also display striking cooperativity to promote tumorigenesis in vivo. Together, our findings reveal an important missing mechanism that might account for PTEN suppression in PARK2-deficient tumors, and they highlight the importance of PTEN S-nitrosylationin supporting cell survival and proliferation under conditions of energy deprivation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers|
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