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Title: The mindful eye: Smooth pursuit and saccadic eye movements in meditators and non-meditators
Authors: Kumari, V
Antonova, E
Wright, B
Hamid, A
Hernandez, EM
Schmechtig, A
Ettinger, U
Keywords: mindfulness;meditation;antisaccade;control;attention;intra-individual variability;dispositional mindfulness
Issue Date: 12-Nov-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Consciousness and Cognition, 2017, 48 pp. 66 - 75
Abstract: 2016 The Authors. Background This study examined the effects of cultivated (i.e. developed through training) and dispositional (trait) mindfulness on smooth pursuit (SPEM) and antisaccade (AS) tasks known to engage the fronto-parietal network implicated in attentional and motion detection processes, and the fronto-striatal network implicated in cognitive control, respectively. Methods Sixty healthy men (19–59 years), of whom 30 were experienced mindfulness practitioners and 30 meditation-naïve, underwent infrared oculographic assessment of SPEM and AS performance. Trait mindfulness was assessed using the self-report Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). Results Meditators, relative to meditation-naïve individuals, made significantly fewer catch-up and anticipatory saccades during the SPEM task, and had significantly lower intra-individual variability in gain and spatial error during the AS task. No SPEM or AS measure correlated significantly with FFMQ scores in meditation-naïve individuals. Conclusions Cultivated, but not dispositional, mindfulness is associated with improved attention and sensorimotor control as indexed by SPEM and AS tasks.
ISSN: 1053-8100
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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