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Title: Intelligence and chess
Authors: Gobet, F
Campitelli, G
Keywords: chess;expertise;intelligence;Geschwind;Galaburda;handedness;brain imaging;fmri;deliberate practice;environment
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Editions Universitaires, Fribourg
Citation: In J. Retschitzki, & R. Haddad-Zubel, (Eds.). Step by step. Proceedings of the 4th Colloquium "Board Games in Academia", pp. 103-112. Fribourg: Editions Universitaires.
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to critically evaluate the evidence supporting the hypothesis that innate talent (for example a higher level of intelligence) may account for aspects of chess skill. We start by giving some standard definitions of intelligence, and then present empirical data on chessplayers’ intelligence, both with children and adults. In the second part of this paper, we discuss Geschwind and Galaburda’s (1985) influential theory of the neurobiology of talent in music, mathematics, and visual arts, and review evidence of its applicability for explaining chess expertise. For that purpose, we will present empirical data based on brain lesions, brain-imaging studies, and handedness. In the conclusion, we will attempt to reconcile the strand of research emphasising practice and the role of the environment with that emphasising the role of innate talent.
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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