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Title: Determinants of COVID-19-Related Length of Hospital Stays and Long COVID in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Analysis
Authors: Crankson, S
Pokhrel, S
Anokye, NK
Keywords: Long COVID;COVID-19;Hospitalisation;Determinants;Ghana
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Crankson, S., Pokhrel, S. and Anokye, N. K. (2022) ‘Determinants of COVID-19-Related Length of Hospital Stays and Long COVID in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Analysis’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1), 527, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19010527.
Abstract: Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Objectives: There is paucity of data on determinants of length of COVID-19 admissions and long COVID, an emerging long-term sequel of COVID-19, in Ghana. Therefore, this study identified these determinants and discussed their policy implications. Method: Data of 2334 patients seen at the main COVID-19 treatment centre in Ghana were analysed in this study. Their characteristics, such as age, education level and comorbidities, were examined as explanatory variables. The dependent variables were length of COVID-19 hospitalisations and long COVID. Negative binomial and binary logistic regressions were fitted to investigate the determinants. Result: The regression analyses showed that, on average, COVID-19 patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus spent almost 2 days longer in hospital (p = 0.00, 95% CI = 1.42–2.33) and had 4 times the odds of long COVID (95% CI = 1.61–10.85, p = 0.003) compared to those with no comorbidities. In addition, the odds of long COVID decreased with increasing patient’s education level (primary OR = 0.73, p = 0.02; secondary/vocational OR = 0.26, p = 0.02; tertiary education OR = 0.23, p = 0.12). Conclusion: The presence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus determined both length of hospitalisation and long COVID among patients with COVID-19 in Ghana. COVID-19 prevention and management policies should therefore consider these factors.
ISSN: 1661-7827
Other Identifiers: 527
Appears in Collections:Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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