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Title: Predictors of Awareness of Functional Ability in People with Dementia: The Contribution of Personality, Cognition, and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms – Findings from the IDEAL Program
Authors: Martyr, A
Gamble, L
Nelis, S
Collins, R
Alexander, C
Morris, R
Quinn, C
Pentecost, C
Rusted, J
Victor, C
Thom, J
Matthews, FE
Clare, L
Keywords: activities of daily living;Alzheimer’s disease;discrepancy scores;insight;anosognosia
Issue Date: 9-May-2022
Publisher: S. Karger AG
Citation: Martyr, A., Gamble, L., Nelis, S., Collins, R., Alexander, C., Morris, R., Quinn, C., Pentecost, C., Rusted, J., Victor, C., Thom, J., Matthews, F.E. and Clare, C. (2022) 'Predictors of Awareness of Functional Ability in People with Dementia: The Contribution of Personality, Cognition, and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms – Findings from the IDEAL Program', Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 51 (3), pp. 221 - 232 (12). doi: 10.1159/000524607.
Abstract: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Introduction: Discrepancy scores reflecting the difference between parallel ratings made by people living with dementia (PwD) in the mild-to-moderate stages and by their informants provide a way to investigate awareness of functional ability in relation to activities of daily living (ADL). Methods: Two measures of ADL (Functional Activities Questionnaire; Dependence Scale) were completed by 1,227 PwD and their informants in the IDEAL cohort study baseline assessment. Self-rated and informant-rated scores were used to calculate discrepancies, which were used as an indicator of awareness of functional ability. Smaller discrepancy scores were considered to reflect greater awareness on the part of PwD. PwD completed questionnaires on depression, personality, comorbidities, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and completed a measure of cognition. Informants provided ratings of stress. Univariable and multiple regressions were used to investigate factors related to ADL discrepancy. Results: A similar pattern of associations were found for both ADL discrepancy scores. Smaller discrepancy scores were associated with higher levels of depression, higher neuroticism, fewer neuropsychiatric symptoms, higher comorbidity, lower carer stress, and receipt of less than 1 hour of care per day from the informant. Discussion/Conclusion: There was a clear pattern of factors that were associated with greater awareness for both measures of functional ability. These factors associated with smaller discrepancy scores could be used to identify PwD who might benefit from targeted interventions to support their independence.
Description: Data availability: IDEAL data were deposited with the UK Data Archive in April 2020 and will be available to access from April 2023. Details of how the data can be accessed after that date can be found here:
ISSN: 1420-8008
Appears in Collections:Dept of Health Sciences Research Papers

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