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Title: Determinants of Physical Activity and Dietary Habits among Adults in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study
Authors: Agyemang, K
Banstola, A
Pokhrel, S
Anokye, N
Keywords: obesity;non-communicable diseases (NCDs);physical activity;diet;Ghana
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Agyemang, K., Banstola, A., Pokhrel, S. and Anokye, N. (2022) ‘Determinants of Physical Activity and Dietary Habits among Adults in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (8), 4671, pp. 1 - 12. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19084671.
Abstract: Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. A critical understanding of the interrelationship between two behavioral decisions—participating in physical activity, and eating healthily—is lacking in Ghana. This study aimed to determine which factors affect each of the two behavioral decisions, jointly and separately, among adults aged 18 years or older in three metropolises (Kumasi, Accra, and Tamale) of Ghana. The data from the Ghana Obesity Survey 2021 were used. A bivariate probit model was fitted to estimate nonlinear models that indicate an individual’s joint decision to participate in physical activity and consume a healthy diet. A positive correlation (r = 0.085; p < 0.05) was found between these two decisions, indicating a relationship between these two behavioral decisions. The common correlates between these decisions were self-reported good health status, high income, and attitudes toward being overweight. Men were more likely to be physically active but less likely to eat well. Both religion and culture determined participation in physical activity, but not the consumption of a healthy diet. Marital status determined diet, but not physical activity. The new knowledge gained from this analysis around the nature and the extent of the interconnectedness between physical activity and diet is critical to devising targeted interventions for obesity prevention in Ghana.
Description: Acknowledgments: We acknowledge support from the Ghana Statistical Service, Brunel Global Health Academy, and the Office of the President of Ghana. Data availability statement: The data presented in this study are available upon request from the corresponding author.
Other Identifiers: 4671
ORCiD IDs: Amrit Banstola:; Subhash Pokhrel:; Nana Anokye:
Appears in Collections:Dept of Health Sciences Research Papers

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