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Title: Machine learning reveals hidden stability code in protein native fluorescence
Authors: Zhang, H
Yang, Y
Zhang, C
Farid, SS
Dalby, PA
Keywords: Protein stability;Machine learning;Biopharmaceuticals
Issue Date: 11-May-2021
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Zhang, H. et al. (2021) ‘Machine learning reveals hidden stability code in protein native fluorescence’, Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. Elsevier BV. 19 pp. 2750 – 2760. doi:10.1016/j.csbj.2021.04.047.
Abstract: Conformational stability of a protein is usually obtained by spectroscopically measuring the unfolding melting temperature. However, optical spectra under native conditions are considered to contain too little resolution to probe protein stability. Here, we have built and trained a neural network model to take the temperature-dependence of intrinsic fluorescence emission under native-only conditions as inputs, and then predict the spectra at the unfolding transition and denatured state. Application to a therapeutic antibody fragment demonstrates that thermal transitions obtained from the predicted spectra correlate highly with those measured experimentally. Crucially, this work reveals that the temperature-dependence of native fluorescence spectra contains a high-degree of previously hidden information relating native ensemble features to stability. This could lead to rapid screening of therapeutic protein variants and formulations based on spectroscopic measurements under non-denaturing temperatures only.
ISSN: 2001-0370
Appears in Collections:Chemistry
Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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