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Title: Interrelationship between arterial hypertension, health service costs, therapeutic treatment and physical activity
Authors: Lima dos Santos, L
Codogno, JS
Camilo Turi-Lynch, B
Araujo, MYC
Fernandes, RA
de Oliveira Gomes, GA
Crankson, S
Anokye, N
Keywords: cardiovascular disease;health expenditures;physical exercise;treatment adherence
Issue Date: 25-Aug-2023
Publisher: BMC (part of Springer Nature)
Citation: Lima dos Santos, L. et al. (2023) 'Interrelationship between arterial hypertension, health service costs, therapeutic treatment and physical activity', BMC Primary Care, 24 (1), 164, pp. 1 - 9. doi: 10.1186/s12875-023-02120-7.
Abstract: Copyright © The Author(s) 2023. Background: Arterial hypertension is a high prevalence disease that increase healthcare costs and affects physical activity level. This study aimed to analyse the interrelationship between arterial hypertension, health service costs, therapeutic treatment, and physical activity in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Method: Cross-sectional study that evaluated 306 patients from a hospital in Presidente Prudente-Brazil. Based on their medical diagnosis, they were classified into multiple groups to access primary care and hospital-related costs variations. Then, using data from medical records and face to face interviews, they were examined on their treatment adherence and physical activity practice. Healthcare costs were accessed using medical records. Finally, the generalised linear model was used to analyse the interrelationship between treatment adherence, physical activity, health care costs and arterial hypertension. The data were analysed with Stata/MP4 16, and a p-value of less than 5% was used to determine statistical significance. Results: The group that adhered to the arterial hypertension treatments but were physically inactive presented higher costs with consultation (US$=24.1, 95%CI = 1.90;46,3)​​ medication (US$=56.60, 95%CI = 1.65; 111.5) and total primary health care costs (US$=71.60, 95%CI = 19.2; 123.9) even after adjusting for confounding variables, meanwhile those participants that adhered to the treatments and were physical active did not present difference in healthcare cost when compared to normotensive and physical active participants. Conclusion: To be adherent to hypertension treatment were related to higher health care costs meanwhile been physical activity were related to lower health care costs and the combination of both showed that be adherent and physical activity represent the same cost with health than those normotensive and active emphasizing the importance of adherence and physical activity in the hypertensive treatment.
Description: Availability of data and materials: The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Other Identifiers: ORCID iD: Nana Anokye
Appears in Collections:Dept of Health Sciences Research Papers

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