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Title: Release angle for attaining maximum distance in the soccer throw-in
Authors: Linthorne, NP
Everett, DA
Keywords: Biomechanics;Projectile;Release Angle;Soccer;Throw-in
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Citation: Sports Biomechanics, 5(2): 243-260, Jul 2006
Abstract: We investigated the release angle that maximises the distance attained in a long soccer throw-in. One male soccer player performed maximum-effort throws using release angles of between 10 and 60º, and the throws were analysed using two-dimensional videography. The player’s optimum release angle was calculated by substituting mathematical expressions for the measured relationships between release speed, release height and release angle into the equations for the flight of a spherical projectile. We found that the musculoskeletal structure of the player’s body had a strong influence on the optimum release angle. When using low release angles the player released the ball with a greater release speed and, because the range of a projectile is strongly dependent on the release speed, this bias toward low release angles reduced the optimum release angle to about 30°. Calculations showed that the distance of a throw may be increased by a few metres by launching the ball with a fast backspin, but the ball must be launched at a slightly lower release angle.
Appears in Collections:Sport
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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